تحلیل اثرات گردشگری روستایی در بهبود رفاه اجتماعی روستاییان (مطالعه موردی: روستای برفجین شهرستان همدان)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد توسعه روستایی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد توسعه روستایی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا،همدان، ایران.

چکیده

هدف تحقیق حاضر بررسی اثرات مختلف گردشگری روستایی در بهبود رفاه اجتماعی روستاییان در روستای برفجین شهرستان همدان بود. پژوهش از نوع کاربردی و توصیفی- همبستگی بود و در آن، از رویکرد کمی و روش پیمایشی استفاده شد. جمعیت آماری تحقیق 436 تن و جمعیت نمونه 205 تن از روستاییان بودند که با استفاده از جدول کرجسی و مورگان و بر اساس روش نمونه گیری تصادفی انتخاب شدند. ابزار جمع آوری داده ها پرسشنامه بود که سؤالات آن در سه بخش تنظیم شد. تحلیل داده ها با بهره گیری از روش تحلیل مسیر و مدل معادلات ساختاری به کمک نرم افزار WarpPLS صورت گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که متغیرهای سطح تحصیلات، اثرات اقتصادی گردشگری، اثرات زیرساختی گردشگری، اثرات کشاورزی، و سرمایه اجتماعی به طور مستقیم بر رفاه اجتماعی تأثیرگذارند؛ همچنین، بیشترین تأثیر مربوط به اثرات زیرساختی گردشگری بر اشتغال روستاییان با ضریب مسیر 502/0 و اثرات سرمایه اجتماعی حاصل از گردشگری بر رفاه اجتماعی با ضریب مسیر 372/0 بود. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analyzing the Effects of Rural Tourism on Improvement of Rural People's Social Welfare: A Case Study of Barfejin Village, Hamedan County of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • R. Movahedi 1
  • F. Amiri 2
  • Z. Tajuk 3
1 Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, University of Bu-Ali Sina, Hamedan, Iran
2 MSc Student in Rural Development, University of Bu-Ali Sina, Hamedan, Iran
3 MSc Student in Rural Development, University of Bu-Ali Sina, Hamedan, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study aimed mainly at investigating the effects of rural tourism on improvement of rural people's social welfare in Barfejin village of Hamedan County of Iran in 2017.It was an applied and descriptive-correlation study using a quantitative approach in a survey method. The statistical population included 436 persons, among which 205 people were selected using the Kerjcie and Morgan table in a random sampling method. The required data were collected through a questionnaire, the questions of which were arranged in three parts. The data analysis was conducted in a path analysis method using a structural equation modeling through WarpPLS. The study results showed that the variables including educational level, economic effects of tourism, infrastructural effects of tourism, agricultural effects, and social capital had direct impacts on social welfare while the highest impacts were related to the infrastructural effects of tourism on the rural people's employment with the path coefficient of 0.502 and the effects of the social capital produced by tourism on the social welfare with the path coefficient of 0.372.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Social welfare
  • quality of life
  • Rural Tourism
  • Rural development
  • Barfejin (Village)
  • Hamedan (County)
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